BEDIL QADIR BUX (Sindhi b 1814 d 1872) Fakir Qadir Bux better known by his nom de plume “Bedil” (one bereft of heart) , was the son of Khalifo Muhammad Mohsin, who was a disciple and an ardent admirer of the Sindhi poet Sachal Sarmast, one of the great trinity of Sindhi poetry – Shah, Sachal & Sami.
After this famous trio of Sindhi poets, other two stars that shone on the firmament of Sindhi poetry and who could measure up to them in excellence, were the father and son – Bedil and Bekas. They wrote poetry both in Sindhi and Persian.
Bedil was well versed in a number of languages, Sindhi, Persian, Urdu, Arabic and Hindi. He has written poetry in Sindhi, siraiki, Urdu, Persian and even in Hindi.
The burden of his poetry is Sufis tic which cult he inherited from his Murshid – Sachal, but he was not a rebel like the great Bard and did not offend Mullahs and Moulvies as Sarmast did. He was a staunch Muslim who moulded his life strictly according to the laws of Shari at. He was very simple and frugal in his style of living and gave away whatever he received, to the needy.
He followed the path of Ishqu Majazi (physical love) to attain the heights of Ishqu Haqiqi (spiritual love) as dictated by Sufis tic doctrine.
He was a devotee of Lal Shahbaz Qalandar of Sehwan also. Although he had deformity in one foot, yet he undertook long journeys to Sehwan to pay his homage to the Saint’s Shrine. He went to Jhok Sharif to pay homage to shrine of Sufi saint Shah Inayat Shaheed and also to Daraz, to visit the shrine of Sachal. He compiled as many as 23 books on prose and poetry written in Persian, Sindhi and Urdu more known being Masanavi Riyaz Alfugr, Diwan-e-Sulook-ul-Talbin, Diwan Minhaj-ul-Haquiqat-a, Rumuz al Qadri, Masanavi Nahr ul Bahr (Persian poetry), Punj Gunj (Persian prose), Diwn Musbah al Tariqat (third collection of Persian ghazals), Vahadat Namo (couplets in sindhi), Sarud Namo (kafis and couplets in sindhi and siraiki) and Diwan e Bedil (collection of Urdu ghazals).
Among his poetical compositions we have his famous elegy (Diwan e Bedil), written on the death of Sachal Sarmast immortalizing the master and incidentally himself too. Some of the verses from this elegy are “Wonderful was the magic of love in Daraz, my friend Sachu was there, the intoxicated seeker and the Gnostic. Heavy was the shower of rain, of yearning of that hero. The pangs of separation were there, visible and invisible. Inherited he was, truly, with the rapture of oneness. Verily he was another Mansoor, love itself incarnate. He was attar (perfume) himself in fervour and sentiment. Commander he stood in the ranks of those given to love. Bedil haunts the door of the donor for the gift of his ardour. About himself he proclaims in the mood and style of Sachal; “I am what I am. Put on the various garments, and again divert myself of them” (Diwan-e-Bedil).
Khanqah is the shrine (in Rohri city district Sukkur Sindh Pakistan) where thousands of his Murids (followers) throng every day to pay the homage to the great saint poet – Abdul Qadir by birth and Qadir Bux by his choice.
From: Encyclopedia of Indian literature vol. 1